Tag: nuage

Unifying Docker Container and VM networking

Unifying Docker Container and VM networking


Most environments are not homogeneous, typically you have multiple types of workloads and I believe this will only increase in the near future with the rise of containers, PaaS, VM’s, bare metal,… In this brief overview I wanted to demonstrate how you can connect Virtual Machines and Containers on the same overlay network in an automated manner via our SDN solution. This way every time you spin up a new workload it will automatically get its network and security policy applied and behaves like any other endpoint on the network.

Screen Shot 2015-11-06 at 13.01.15

Docker networking

There are multiple options to do networking in Docker, typically a container (running a specific service) can be exposed externally by mapping an internal port to external one. When you install Docker, it creates three networks automatically (bridge, null, and host), when you run a container you can use the –net flag to specify which network you want to run a container on. By default the Docker daemon connects containers to the bridge network. If you run ifconfig on the host you can see the bridge as part of the host’s network stack.

The none network adds a container to a container-specific network stack, this is what we will use in the case of Nuage Networks to connect the Docker container to our VRS (Open vSwitch)

The host network adds a container on the hosts network stack. You’ll find the network configuration inside the container is identical to the host.

Nuage Networks and Docker containers

In the case of Nuage Networks we will attach every container to a tenant (overlay) network which is provided by our centralised management (VSD) and control (VSC) plane and configured on the Docker host in our VRS (Open vSwitch). This allows us to use our centralised networking and security policies providing IP configuration, firewall rules, QoS, etc. If traffic leaves the Docker host it is encapsulated in VXLAN so from a management point of view this no different then how we work with Virtual Machines.


I’ve created a L2 network (called DockerSN below) in Nuage (synced to OpenStack) where I’m connecting both my containers and VM workloads. The subnet has a range of

Screen Shot 2015-11-06 at 09.11.28

So when I spin up a new container on my Docker host and connect it to the Nuage VRS I’ll automatically get the policies from that construct applied.

Screen Shot 2015-11-06 at 09.23.22

So as you can see above, my new container (gloomy_jang) has gotten the IP address, if we go back to our Virtualized Services Architect interface we can see 2 containers (one I created earlier) and a VM attached to the same subnet (could also be to a separate subnet ofc).

Screen Shot 2015-11-06 at 09.28.40

We can drill down on the newly created container and get all the network and security policy details

Screen Shot 2015-11-06 at 09.29.48

We now have connectivity between our container workloads and VM (

[[email protected] ~]# docker exec 152f5660e56a ping -c 3
PING ( 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.650 ms
64 bytes from icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.450 ms
64 bytes from icmp_seq=3 ttl=64 time=0.450 ms

Networking Field Day 10 – Nuage Networks

Networking Field Day 10 – Nuage Networks


Networking Field Day 10 was held from August 19 till 21 2015, in Silicon Valley, NFD is part of the Tech Field Day series of events organized by Stephen Foskett and team, and aims to bring together independent bloggers and IT product vendors to share information and opinions in a presentation format. In this setting demo’s and whiteboard sessions are usually appreciated more than slide-ware and marketing pitches. Assuming you are an independent (e.g. you don’t work for a vendor) blogger/influencer you can ask to become a TFD delegate and when selected get to experience these sessions first hand.

One of the vendors at NFD 10 was Nuage Networks, Nuage has appeared at various TFD events on numerous (10 times by my count) occasions and that’s how I first heard about and got interested in their solutions.

So what did they show at NFD 10?

First up was Sunil Khandekar, Founder and CEO, with an introduction to Nuage Networks and an update on the products. He talked about building software defined, programmable, automated data centers and how Nuage through its declarative policy based automation is applicable to all types of workloads, be it bare metal, virtual machines, or containers. Further he mentioned how Nuage is a complete SDN solution seeing that it hits on all the key tenets, namely; abstraction, automation, control, and visibility. Then he went on to give an update on Nuage Networks.

Screen Shot 2015-09-02 at 10.22.05

Nuage was started January 2012 with the idea that networking should be as instantaneous and consumable as compute has historically become, the solution, VSP, was launched about a year later in April 2013 delivering on this thesis. Currently Nuage is on its 4th release and has seen great customer traction.

The Virtual Services Platform (VSP) has 3 main components, the Virtual Services Directory (VSD), the Virtual Services Controller (VSC), and the Virtual Routing & Switching engine (VRS). Additionally Nuage also optionally provides a hardware VTEP gateway, the 7850 Virtualized Services Gateway (VSG), to connect legacy networking to VXLAN overlays.

Screen Shot 2015-09-02 at 10.32.19

To get a more detailed overview of the solution please see my Nuage Compendium page*.

Sunil also announced the VSP SDK (VSPK) available on https://github.com/nuagenetworks with the idea of fostering open collaboration around the platform. Through this proposed github collaboration, custom scripts for network automation, control or visibility can be developed and shared by its customer community

It is also important to understand that Nuage takes the concept of network automation beyond the data center and extends it to the WAN (branch office) with Virtual Network Services (VNS).

Virtual Network Services (VNS) basics

Next up was Rotem Salomonovitch, head of product management for VNS, talking about how it works in some more detail. The idea of VNS is to make setting up a new branch stupidly easy and independent of the underlying (carrier) technology, essentially SDWAN with a lot of automation. VNS is available as a hardware box, a VM, and as a software only package to install on a bare metal server.

Screen Shot 2015-09-02 at 15.25.36

VNS uses the same control plane components from the data center (VSD / VSC) but has a different data plane, e.g. forwarding entity called the Network Services Gateway (NSG), reason being is that data plane’s in branches typically differ from those in data centers where you have GigE, 10GigE, 40GigE and beyond. In the branch you have different interface types and things like encryption in the WAN, additional security requirements, etc. The NSG is meant to be a platform, initial applications of this platform are networking services (routing, QoS, FW,…) but the goal is to go beyond network connectivity and enable application flexibility. (see section below).
The appliance has multiple WAN ports and also USB connectivity so you could do things like extend it with external LTE connectivity for example.

Rotem then moved on to talk about different abstractions for different types of audiences, e.g. a developer just wants his application to be “connected” whereas the network design team are concerned with connection points, bandwidth consumption etc. To support this he talked about both vertical abstractions, for multi-tenancy, and horizontal abstractions for different audience types within each tenant. The idea is to expose only those abstractions that a particular audience is interested in (until we break all IT silos and everyone is a unicorn of course).

Screen Shot 2015-09-02 at 15.42.34

The idea of abstractions is not to have each team work in their own silo but rather have the system interpret a certain audience’ set of abstractions and translate those to complete the end-to-end policy setup e.g. the application developer uses the Application Designer to create a new app, he only defines the app concepts (e.g. front-end, middle-tier, database) and then the system translates those to subnets, ACLs, etc.

Another example is the VPN designer where you can bring up a new site by linking the device object in the GUI to a location, then, depending on the authentication method, the only thing that needs to happen is physically connecting the WAN and LAN ports on the device at the branch and the device will “bootstrap” automatically and pick up its configuration. The forwarding engine in the device is multi-tenant capable, each subnet is created as a L2 EVPN construct (remember that the idea of VNS is to be independent of the WAN technology), the access ports of the box are piped into those.

Application Flexibility at the Branch

The VNS does not only provide network connectivity but also allows you to run containerized workloads on top of it (it’s an Intel Atom based system). The main idea is to automate the attachment of existing container based applications to the branch network. One example would be to enable running external network operations tools to perform local logging of LAN elements and then setup a single encrypted connection over the WAN or do local auditing of running configurations. Another would be to run a user simulation at the branch before go-live to validate user experience and adjust as needed.

Screen Shot 2015-09-02 at 16.51.00

Theoretically you can run any containerized app (pull it from docker hub) on VNS (provided that you have enough resources to run it), Nuage takes care of the multi-tenant network aspects of running multiple containers on a single host.

Boundary-less Wide Area Networking

Next up was Hussein Khazaal, solution director, talking about extending connectivity from the data center to the branch, to the public cloud, making a VPC your own personal branch office with consistent business policies between all of them.

Screen Shot 2015-09-02 at 17.11.26

The way it works is you get (in this case) a virtual NSG from Nuage which comes as an Amazon AMI (Amazon Machine Image) and deploy it as any other instance to your VPC. Now you can use the NSG-v in Amazon just like any other NSG from your application designer / vpn designer. The classic use case would be to load-balance your front-end (web) application between your data center and Amazon in times of increased load, essentially cloud-bursting made real. If you would want to do something like this without Nuage you would need to figure out how to translate your business policies to the available constructs at each public cloud provider, with the NSG-v it consumes the centralized policies from the VSD just like any other forwarding engine.

*The Nuage Compendium page is under construction, and will be expanded over time.